Blood Typing/Forensics/Immune Response: Murder Along the Iditarod Trail… By Sid Lucas

 Essential Question:  Who did it? What process do we follow to investigate?  (Blood Typing/Forensics/Immune Response) By Sid Lucas. 

Students will investigate a simulated murder on the Iditarod Trail by performing a blood typing test and applying their understanding of blood type and the human immune system.  A Forensics Mystery

This lesson is created for students in grades 9 – 12.

A team of sled dogs pulls an empty sled into the Rohn checkpoint along the Iditarod Trail.  Trail volunteers immediately begin a search for the missing musher.  After two hours of searching, one volunteer radios back that the musher’s body has been found – dead.  Mysteriously, the body was discovered well off of the trail partially covered with fallen brush.

Download and print the lesson plan.

Download and print the supplemental materials -Murder on the Iditarod Trail Handout

    Murder on the Iditarod Trail

 Developed by: Sid Lucas

 Discipline / Subject: Life Science

 Topic:

 Blood Typing/Forensics/Immune Response

 Grade Level:

  9-12

   Resources / References / Materials Teacher Needs:

Murder on the Trail Procedure document.

  1. Murder on the Trail Procedure document.
  2. Synthetic blood stained cloth fragments.
  3. Phenolphthalein/peroxide solution
  4. Synthetic Blood (A+ and AB-) and corresponding Anti-serums (Anti-A, Anti-B, and Anti-Rh)
  5. Blood testing trays
  6. Colored toothpicks (3 colors)

NOTE: A kit with all of the necessary items can be purchased from Carolina Biological Supply for $32.50 (as of January 23, 2013).  Follow the link:

http://www.carolina.com/forensic-blood-analysis/carolina-forensics-mystery-with-synthetic-blood-kit/700113.pr?catId=&mCat=&sCat=&ssCat=&question=blood+typing+forensics+kit

Lesson Summary:

Students will investigate a simulated murder on the Iditarod trail by performing a blood typing test and applying their understanding of blood type and the human immune system.

Standard’s Addressed: (Local, State, or National)

    1)      Use models to support explanations about the hierarchical organization of interacting systems working together to provide specific functions within multicellular organisms.

    2)      Formulate explanations using evidence.

Learning Objectives:

   1)  Students can simulate blood typing and identify specific blood types

   2)  Students can apply understanding of antigen/antibody reactions to determine blood type.

   3)  Students can analyze data to draw accurate conclusions.

Assessment:

Correct analysis of the data provided by this activity and accurate student conclusions will be evident in successful completion of the Murder on the Trail handout.

 

 

 Procedural Activities

See Murder on the Trail handout. (Supplemental materials)

Materials Students Need:

  1. Murder on the Trail Procedure document.
  2. Synthetic blood stained cloth fragments.
  3. Phenolphthalein/peroxide solution
  4. Synthetic Blood (A+ and AB-) and corresponding Anti-serums (Anti-A, Anti-B, and Anti-Rh)
  5. Blood testing trays
  6. Colored toothpicks (3 colors)

Technology Utilized to Enhance Learning:

N/A

Other Information:

It will be helpful if students have an understanding of the basic concepts related to blood typing, including antigens (agglutinogens), antibodies (agglutinins), and agglutination, prior to performing this simulation.  It is also helpful if students have some prior knowledge concerning the immune system and how it relates to blood type. This activity connects very well to the study of blood type genetics.

Modifications for Special Learners/ Enrichment Opportunities

Motivated students can obtain an authentic blood typing kit Online to use the skills learned in this activity to determine their personal blood type (Parental consent may be required).

It may be advantageous to supply special learners with a key that will allow him/her to interpret their blood typing results.

 

 Additional Information:

 

Learn about Rohn Checkpoint at this link.

Check out Sanka W. Dog’s Virtual Trail Journey ‘Rohn Checkpoint’.

If you are an Iditarod Insider subscriber, log in to your account and view this video clip from Rohn Checkpoint.  Be sure to scroll to the Rohn Cabin in Timelapse Video from Jan. 22, 2012, and the 2011 Race/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lesson adapted from Forensics Mystery With Synthetic Blood Kit, Ó2003 Carolina Biological Supply Company